Uterine Artery Embolization
 
 

Uterine Artery Embolization

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors in the uterus. Uterine artery embolization is a nonsurgical procedure that shrinks and destroys the fibroids by stopping the blood supply to them. A catheter is inserted into the uterine artery. Small gelatin or plastic materials are injected through the catheter into the blood vessels transporting blood to the fibroids. These materials obstruct the blood supply to the arteries that bring blood to the fibroids. Without a blood supply, the fibroids eventually decrease in size and die. If not destroyed, the fibroids can cause bleeding, pelvic pressure and pain, a low blood count, constipation and waking up continuously at night to urinate.

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