Discharge Instructions for Nephrectomy

You had a procedure to remove a kidney. This is called a nephrectomy. This procedure was done because one of your kidneys was not working properly or because there was a tumor. You can live a normal, healthy life with one kidney.

Home care

  • Shower as necessary.

  • Don’t swim or use a bathtub or hot tub until after your follow-up appointment and your healthcare provider says it is OK.

  • Keep your incision clean and dry. Wash your incision gently with mild soap and warm water and pat it dry.

  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.

  • Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day unless your healthcare provider tells you to limit your fluids.

  • Avoid constipation.

    • Use laxatives, stool softeners, or enemas as directed by your healthcare provider.

    • Eat more high-fiber foods.

  • Don’t drive until you are off your pain medicine and pain-free. This may take 2 to 4 weeks.

  • Don’t worry if you feel more tired than usual. Fatigue and weakness are common for a few weeks after this surgery.

  • Limit your activity to short walks. Gradually increase your pace and distance as you feel able.

  • Avoid strenuous activities, such as mowing the lawn, vacuuming, or playing sports.

  • Don’t lift anything heavier than 10 pounds for 4 weeks.

  • Listen to your body. If an activity causes pain, stop.

  • If you were asked to stop any medicines before the surgery, be sure to ask the healthcare provider when you may restart taking them. This is especially important in the case of blood thinners (anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents).

Follow-up care

Follow up with your healthcare provider, or as advised.

When to seek medical care

Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following:

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Redness, swelling, warmth, or pain at your incision site

  • Drainage or pus from your incision

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Increased pain

  • Noticeable decrease in urine output

  • Blood in your urine