Discharge Instructions for Ulcerative Colitis

You have been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis is inflammation (irritation and swelling) that occurs in the rectum and colon. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). No one knows what causes IBD, but the symptoms can be treated. People with IBD can lead full, active lives.

Home care

  • Follow the diet that was prescribed for you in the hospital.

    • Avoid any foods that make your symptoms worse. These foods vary from person to person.

    • Keep a diary of foods that disagree with you and share this information with your doctor or nutritionist.

  • Take your medications as directed. The doctor may ask you to take several different types.

  • Talk to your doctor about the need for surgery. Some patients need to have their colon removed. This treatment has side effects. Only you and your doctor can make this decision.

Follow-up care

Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

When to seek medical care

Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:

  • Bleeding from your rectum

  • Worsening pain, new pain, or cramping in your abdomen

  • Bloody diarrhea

  • Fever above 101°F (38.0°C)

  • Weight loss

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting