What is Scoliosis?

This condition is marked by a sideways curvature of your spine.

How Does it Happen?

Often scoliosis occurs in a growth spurt just before puberty, though the exact cause is unknown. Scoliosis can also develop as part of muscular dystrophy or cystic fibrosis.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

The initial signs of scoliosis include these:

  • Rotated or twisted spine
  • Shoulders that are uneven
  • One shoulder blade that protrudes more than another
  • One hip that is higher than the other
  • Uneven waist
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Back pain

How is it Diagnosed?

Doctors can diagnose scoliosis by doing x-rays. They may also use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scans, and bone scans to further study the area in question.

How is it Treated?

Many cases of scoliosis do not require treatment at all. If you have a mild case, your doctor will monitor your spine and periodically check for changes. If the scoliosis is moderate and is present for a child who is still growing, wearing a brace can help correct the issue. For more severe cases, your doctor may suggest spinal fusion or scoliosis correction.

What is the Prognosis?

If the condition is mild or moderate, the prognosis is very good. If you require surgery, you may need time for the bones to heal. You may also need to undergo physical therapy after the surgery.