Menstrual Disorders

A woman is experiencing menstrual cramps and is resting on a sofa.That “time of the month” can cause acne, fatigue, cramping, bloating, inexplicable cravings, intense appetite and/or the insecurity that comes with wearing white pants. Did we miss anything? Some women experience very normal monthly cycles, but others experience a variety of physical and emotional symptoms that can affect their daily life. Here are few different menstrual disorders:

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB): AUB can include heavy bleeding, no bleeding or bleeding between periods. Heavy bleeding can be considered common in your teen years when you first begin to menstruate or later in life before menopause begins. Primary and secondary amenorrhea, or little to no menstrual periods, are usually caused by hormone irregularities, weight loss or genetic abnormalities.

Dysmenorrhea: Also known as, severe menstrual cramps, dysmenorrhea can be especially painful and persistent. Menstrual cramps are caused by uterine contractions, which is triggered by prostaglandins. Those who experience menstrual cramps this severe might cause diarrhea or a feeling of faintness.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): 30-40% of women experience PSM symptoms that disrupt their daily life. 75% of women experience the typical, mild premenstrual symptoms, of which there are 150. The most common symptoms are swollen or painful breasts, constipation, headaches, anxiety, crying and depression.

Premenstrual Dysphonic Disorder (PMDD): Experts say the difference between PMS and PMDD is similar to the difference between a mild tension headache and a migraine. Approximately 3-8% of women experience heightened irritability, mood swings and depression.

While your typical menstrual period might not be the best time to run a marathon or go sunbathing, it can be manageable with a few ibuprofen, a little chocolate and a sappy movie. If you are experiencing more severe symptoms, or a sudden change in your menstrual cycle or menstrual period, you should talk to your doctor.