Atypical Pneumonia

Atypical Pneumonia

Order name:
Atypical pneumonia PCR

Specimen Requirements:
Nasopharyngeal swab placed into viral transport media or nasal washing; sputum

Minimum volume:

Storage and stability information:
Refrigerated 5 days, Frozen longer

Test performed:

Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Reference Range:
NEGATIVE for the presence of both Mycoplasma pneumonia and Chlamydophila pneumonia DNA

CPT code:
87486, 87581

Clinical significance:
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a frequent causative agent of community-acquired pneumonia. This agent may be responsible for epidemics that spread slowly because it requires a 10 to 14 day incubation period. Growth in culture is slow and insensitive; therefore infection is diagnosed primarily by serology and PCR.

Chlamydophila pneumonia, formerly known as Chlamydia pneumonia, infects humans and is a major cause of pneumonia. C. pneumoniae has a complex life cycle and must infect another cell in order to reproduce and thus is classified as an obligate intracellular pathogen.