Common Heart Diseases and Conditions
 
 

Common Heart Diseases and Conditions

Congestive Heart Failure: Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of the body; also known as CHF; Congestive heart failure; Left-sided heart failure; Right-sided heart failure - Cor pulmonale; Cardiomyopathy - heart failure

Abnormal Heart Rhythms: An abnormal heart rhythm is a heartbeat that is too slow or too fast; it can also involve a fluttering sensation in the chest or skipped heartbeats; also known as arrhythmia, this condition may cause an uneven distribution of blood in the body

Aortic Stenosis: The aorta is the main artery carrying blood out of the heart. When blood leaves the heart, it flows through the aortic valve, into the aorta. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does not open fully. This decreases blood flow from the heart; also known as Aortic valve stenosis; Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction; Rheumatic aortic stenosis; Calcium aortic stenosis

Carotid Artery Disease: The carotid arteries provide the main blood supply to the brain. There carotid arteries are located on each side of your neck under the jawline. Carotid artery disease is a condition in which these arteries become narrowed or blocked. When the arteries become narrowed, the condition is called carotid stenosis.

Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD): Fibromuscular dysplasia is an accumulation of fibrous tissues in the arteries that causes them to narrow. The condition can occur in any artery but occurs most often in kidney or neck arteries.

Heart Attack: A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of your heart is blocked for a long enough time that part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies. Your doctor calls this a myocardial infarction. Also known as Myocardial infarction; MI; Acute MI; ST-elevation myocardial infarction; non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Heart Failure: Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of the body. Also known as CHF; Congestive heart failure; Left-sided heart failure; Right-sided heart failure - Cor pulmonale; Cardiomyopathy - heart failure

Heart Palpitations: Palpitations are heartbeat sensations that feel like your heart is pounding or racing. You may simply have an unpleasant awareness of your own heartbeat, or may feel skipped or stopped beats. The heart's rhythm may be normal or abnormal. Palpitations can be felt in your chest, throat, or neck. Also known as Arrhythmia; Heartbeat sensations; Irregular heartbeat; Palpitations; Heart pounding or racing

Heart Valve Disease: Heart valve disease occurs when one or more heart valves function improperly. These are the aortic, mitral, pulmonic and tricuspid valves. Problems with these valves cause the heart to overwork.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick. The thickening makes it harder for blood to leave the heart, forcing the heart to work harder to pump blood. Also known as Cardiomyopathy - hypertrophic (HCM); IHSS; Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis; Asymmetric septal hypertrophy; ASH; HOCM; Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

Marfan Syndrome: Marfan syndrome is a disorder of connective tissue, the tissue that strengthens the body's structures. Disorders of connective tissue affect the skeletal system, cardiovascular system, eyes, and skin. Marfan syndrome is caused by defects in a gene called fibrillin-1. Fibrillin-1 plays an important role as the building block for elastic tissue in the body.

Pericardial Effusion: "Fluid around the heart" is the common description for pericardial effusion. The heart is surrounded by a sac called the pericardium and excess fluid builds up in the pericardial cavity. Many different medical conditions are associated with pericardial effusions.

Pericarditis: Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed. See also: Bacterial pericarditis. Pericarditis is usually a complication of viral infections, most commonly echovirus or coxsackie virus. Less frequently, it is caused by influenza or HIV infection.

Peripheral Artery Disease: Peripheral artery disease is a condition of the blood vessels that leads to narrowing and hardening of the arteries that supply the legs and feet. The narrowing of the blood vessels leads to decreased blood flow, which can injure nerves and other tissues. Also known as Peripheral vascular disease; PVD; PAD; Arteriosclerosis obliterans; Blockage of leg arteries; Claudication; Intermittent claudication; Vaso-occlusive disease of the legs; Arterial insufficiency of the legs; Recurrent leg pain and cramping; Calf pain with exercise

Sleep Apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which the flow of air pauses or decreases during breathing while you are asleep because the airway has become narrowed, blocked, or floppy. A pause in breathing is called an apnea episode. A decrease in airflow during breathing is called a hypopnea episode. Almost everyone has brief apnea episodes while they sleep. Also known as obstructive apnea - obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; Sleep-disordered breathing; OSA

Ventricular Tachycardia: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rapid heartbeat that starts in the ventricles; also known as Wide-complex tachycardia; V tach; Tachycardia - ventricular