When a Bone Breaks
There are four types of broken bones, or fractures. A simple fracture occurs when the bone breaks cleanly into two pieces, and the skin remains intact. A compound fracture involves a break that also pierces the skin. A comminuted fracture has multiple breaks in one bone that are either simple or compound. A green stick fracture doesn't go all the way through the bone. Regardless of the type of break, the National Safety Council says a limb fracture should be treated as follows:
Drive the person to an emergency room as soon as possible.
Keep the injured area immobile by applying a splint, elastic bandage or sling to prevent further injury and excessive pain.
While waiting for medical treatment, keep the person warm and comfortable. Be calm and assure the person that help is on the way.