What Is Low Vision?

Three quarter view of cross-sectioned eye showing normal anatomy.When you have low vision, you can't see well enough to get around or do daily activities. Medicine, surgery, regular glasses, or contact lenses may not help. Your central or side (peripheral) vision, or both, may be reduced.

What causes low vision?

Low vision can be caused by a number of diseases in the eye:

  • Blood vessels nourish the retina (the inside lining of the eye where light is focused). Blood vessels may become weak and leak fluid into the eye.

  • The macula (area on the retina where sharp vision happens) may break down, causing loss of central vision.

  • The optic nerve carries signals from the retina to the brain. It may be damaged by increased eye pressure and be unable to send messages to the brain.

  • An injury to your eye can also result in low vision. And some people are born with low vision.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of low vision depend on the cause of your vision loss and where the problem is in your eye. Symptoms can include:

  • Blank spots, dark spots, or wavy lines in the center of your vision

  • Blurred, hazy, or cloudy vision, or double vision

  • Loss of peripheral vision or color vision