Signs of Eye Problems in Children

Little girl rubbing her eye.

Children’s eyes change very quickly. Eye problems can happen at any age. It is important to check your child’s eyes from time to time. Watch how your child acts. Listen to what he or she says. Below are some signs that your child may have an eye problem. Talk to your child’s healthcare provider if you see any of these signs.

Physical signs

Look for physical signs on or around your child’s eyes. There may be a problem if your child has:

  • One or both eyes that cross (look toward the center of the face)

  • One or both eyes that turn in, out, up, or down

  • Crusty, swollen, bloodshot, or red-rimmed eyes

  • Eyes that water a lot

  • Discharge, bleeding, or red bumps on the eyelids

  • A pupil that looks white instead of red in a color photo

  • A difference between the two eyes (for example, if one has a larger or smaller pupil)


Watch how your child acts. Some simple behaviors may be signs of an eye problem. These include:

  • Closing one eye to look at something

  • Turning or tilting the head to see

  • Squinting to see

  • Not seeing things you point out

  • Holding objects close to the face to see them

  • Sitting very close to the TV

  • Blinking or rubbing one or both eyes a lot

  • Running into objects

  • Falling down at night or in places that are not well lit


Listen to what your child says. Some comments can signal an eye problem. Children may have an eye problem if they say that:

  • They can’t see the chalkboard at school

  • Things look blurry or funny

  • Their eyes itch, burn, or feel scratchy

  • They were hit in the eye

  • They feel something in their eye

  • They feel pain in or around one or both eyes

  • Light makes their eyes hurt

Headaches and dyslexia

Head pain (headache) may not be caused by eye problems. And not recognizing letters and words (dyslexia) is not often due to eye problems. But if your child has headaches or dyslexia, an eye exam can be done. This can rule out eye or vision concerns.