Discharge Instructions for Hypercalcemia (Pediatric)

Discharge Instructions for Hypercalcemia (Pediatric)

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Discharge Instructions for Hypercalcemia (Pediatric)

Your child has been diagnosed with hypercalcemia. This means your child has too much calcium in the blood. Calcium is a mineral that helps develop bones and teeth, controls heart rhythm, and allows muscles to contract. Hypercalcemia is often the result of problems elsewhere in the body, including overactive glands, unhealthy bones, long-term bed rest, and certain tumors or cancers. Here's what you need to know about home care.

Diet and Fluids

  • Don’t limit your child’s salt intake.

  • Ask your doctor how much fluid your child should drink. Most children with hypercalcemia need to drink 2 quarts to 1 gallon (2 to 4 liters) of fluid every day, depending on the size and age of the child. An infant or toddler will need much less.

  • Keep track of how much fluid your child drinks.

    • Fill a jug with water and keep it in your refrigerator.

    • Encourage your child to drink the water in the jug during the course of the day—after checking with your child’s doctor to confirm the correct amount for the size of your child.

  • Limit the amount of dairy products your child eats.

    • Limit your child’s intake of milk, cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, and ice cream to 1 or 2 small servings per day.

    • Read food labels. Don’t buy dairy or other products with added calcium such as orange juice or soy milk.

Other Home Care

  • Encourage activity. If your child’s hypercalcemia was caused by long-term bed rest, try to increase his or her activity.

  • Encourage your child to get back to normal activities as directed by your child’s doctor.

  • Avoid giving your child antacid medications. Many of these contain calcium.

  • Tell your doctor about any other medications your child is taking, including over-the-counter or herbal medications.

  • Make sure your child takes his or her medications exactly as directed.


  • Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

  • Keep all appointments for laboratory work and follow-up. Your child’s doctor needs to monitor your child’s condition closely.


When to Call Your Child's Doctor

Call the doctor right away if your child has any of the following:

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

  • Trouble urinating, pain when urinating, or blood in the urine

  • Vomiting or diarrhea

  • Increased thirst

  • Irregular heartbeat

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • Depression

  • Confusion