Fitting Your Crutches

Proper fitting helps you use your crutches safely and effectively. When fitting crutches, stand up straight and wear the shoes you will normally use to walk. If the crutches don’t feel right, ask your healthcare provider, nurse, or physical therapist (PT) to check the fit.

Woman walking with crutches.
Getting to know your crutches

Crutches are often used for injuries to the knee, ankle, foot, or hip. Using crutches requires good coordination, balance, and upper body strength. If you’re using only one crutch, keep it on the unaffected (uninjured) side unless told otherwise.

The crutches fit if:

  • You can put 2 to 3 fingers between your armpit and the top of the axillary pad.

  • Your arms are slightly bent at the elbows when your hands are on the handgrips.

  • Your wrists are even with the handgrips when your arms hang at your sides.



  • Crutches should have nonskid rubber tips to prevent slipping. Change tips that look worn.

  • Don’t let your armpits rest on the pads — this can cause tingling, numbness, and loss of muscle strength in your arm.

  • Don’t use crutches that are too short, too long, or mismatched. They can cause back pain and falls.

  • In wet weather, dry crutch tips when coming indoors.