Coping with Seizures in Children
Children with epilepsy may have seizures only once in a while, or they may have them every day. And though seizures can be scary for parents and caregivers, they aren’t painful and are usually brief.
What to Do If Your Child Has a Seizure
If your child shows signs of having a convulsive (also known as a major motor or gand mal) seizure:
Make sure the child is breathing.
Roll the child onto his or her side.
Place the child on the ground in a safe area.
Remove any nearby objects that the child might hit.
Loosen any clothing around the child’s head and neck.
Remain with your child until the seizure is over.
Watch and be able to describe what happened before, during, and after the seizure.
What Not to Do During and After a Seizure
Do not try to restrain the child’s movements.
Do not put anything in the child’s mouth.
Do not wake the child if he or she falls asleep after the seizure.
Do not give the child anything to eat or drink until he or she is awake and alert.
Keeping Your Child Safe
Develop a list of safety measures with your doctor to prevent injury to your child when he or she has a seizure.
Carefully monitor activities such as swimming and bathing to keep your child safe in the case of a seizure.
Inform other caretakers of your child’s condition. Instruct them in how to respond to a seizure if it happens.
If your child is on medication, make sure it is taken as prescribed.
Keep track of the number of remaining pills and refills. Call your doctor for refills if you are running low.
Call 911 or emergency services if your child
Has trouble breathing.
Has bluish skin.
Has a heart condition.
Hurts himself during the seizure.
Has a seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes.
Has a seizure that seems different than usual.
Remains unconscious, unresponsive, or confused for more than 5 minutes after the seizure.