Causes and Effects of Stress

Woman in office looking stressed.

Anything that brings on feelings of stress is called a stressor. Today, we often face many stressors. Read on to find out how stress affects you and how you can gain control.

Your body’s response to stress

When you’re faced with stress, certain hormones (chemicals) in your body are released. These hormones trigger many changes in your body. For instance, your:

  • Blood pressure may rise

  • Heart may pound

  • Muscles may tighten

  • Stomach may become tense


Stressors may include:

  • Adapting to constant, rapid change

  • Worrying about your finances and the economy

  • Handling a major life event, such as changing jobs or moving to a new home

  • Handling more than one major life event at the same time, for instance, dealing with a family illness while changing jobs

  • Juggling many roles and responsibilities, such as spouse or life partner, parent, friend, employee, and caregiver for aging parents

  • Going from one challenging situation to the next without taking time to relax

  • Being overwhelmed by technology such as, keeping up with cell phone messages, e-mails, and text messages 

The long-term effects of stress

If you’re often under stress, you need to learn to manage it well. Stress can affect your well-being. Over time, you may show some of these symptoms of being stressed:

  • Physical. Frequent colds or flu, headaches, trouble sleeping, muscle tension, skin problems, trouble with digestion

  • Mental. Poor concentration, forgetfulness, learning problems, frequent negative thoughts, speech problems

  • Emotional. Anxiety, depression, anger, irritability, feelings of helplessness, lack of purpose, relationship troubles

  • Behavioral. Eating poorly, driving recklessly, abusing alcohol or drugs, being accident prone, showing aggression

If you do not believe you are successfully managing the stressors in your life, get help from your healthcare provider or a mental health professional.  There are many effective strategies that can help you adjust your environment and get your stress level under better control.