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Sunburns are a common occurrence when living in the Sunshine State. While most sunburns aren’t cause for alarm, it’s important to recognize the signs your body is sending about overexposure to the sun’s rays. A burn is your body’s defensive reaction to the damaging toxins of the sun; increased melanin production in the skin is an attempt to block ultraviolet rays. However, too much exposure results in a burn. Severe burns can even cause blistering and scarring.
Symptoms of a sunburn can include:
If you experience a sunburn, it is extremely important to make sure that you aren’t dehydrated or suffering from heat stroke. Dehydration can produce symptoms of fatigue, dry mouth, headache, and dizziness. If sun exposure or a burn is accompanied by a fever, nausea, confusion, or chills, seek medical attention immediately.
Avoiding sunburns doesn’t mean you have to stay inside all summer long. You can still enjoy fun in the sun by adhering to a few simple precautions. When swimming, spending time at the beach, playing outside, or doing water sports, be sure to wear plenty of sun protection and drink water and electrolyte-rich fluids. Wearing long sleeves, pants, and a protective hat can also help to prevent sunburn.
Self-care measures for sunburn may include: